Violence in Yemen is likely to decrease in 2020 amid the signs that warring factions want to find a resolution to end the five-year war, a UN official said.
Mark Lowcock, UN emergency relief chief, told the Doha Forum on Sunday that there are signs that key actors in the conflict could end the war next year, especially after the Riad Agreement was signed by the government of Yemen and United Arab Emiratesbacked by groups in the south of the country.
In November, Saudi Arabia sponsored a power sharing agreement between the internationally recognized government of Yemen and the southern separatists supported by the UAE to stop the fight in southern Yemen.
Lowcock said the UN is carrying out the world's largest relief effort in Yemen, providing assistance to 15 million people, including food, shelter and medical care. He said the work of the UN has been successful in preventing humanitarian disasters in large part because it was able to raise billions of dollars mainly from regional donors. to finance their efforts.
"The UN is part of the solution in Yemen and is trying to manage it and find a solution too," he said.
But Saeed Thabet, a Qatar-based Yemen analyst, criticized the United Nations and the international community for not pressuring the warring parties to end the war instead of "managing,quot; the conflict through relief work and raising billions of dollars for its operations.
"The UN should work to end the conflict in Yemen rather than simply handle it," he told Al Jazeera.
Thabet said that Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have contributed to the suffering of the Yemeni people because they have waged a regional war between them in Yemen.
Thabet said Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are trying to divide the country to serve their own interests, while Iran's power in Yemen, the Houthi rebels, serves as a strategic foothold for Tehran in the Arabian Peninsula.
In 2014, the Houthis overthrew the government and seized the capital, Sanaa, and most of the north of the country. Next yearSaudi Arabia led a coalition of Arab states in a military effort to defeat the Houthis and restore the government.
Almost five years later, Saudi Arabia is alone in the fight against the Houthis on its southern border and the rebels have consolidated their power and military strength in Yemen. The Houthis have also launched a series of missile attacks against targets within Saudi Arabia.
"For Saudi Arabia, the goal is to use Yemen's territory for its own plans to build pipelines to reach the Arabian Sea if Iran blocks the Strait of Hormuz in the Gulf." Thabet said.
As for the United Arab Emirates, Thabet said his main goal is to divide the country into southern and northern Yemen, where "he can use the south as his own satellite state."
Despite its strategic location on the Red and Arabian seas, which are the main sea routes, most of the 30 million inhabitants of Yemen live in desperate poverty, while their economy has been decimated by the conflict.
Helen Lackner, author of Yemen in Crisis, said that Yemen has incredible potential but that the effects of war will take generations to heal. She said that 70 percent of Yemenis live in rural areas and 80 percent of all Yemenis are poor.
Lackner said most were impoverished before the war began, bBut the conflict has further exasperated the plight of the Yemenis.
He also said that Yemen faces a severe water shortage and that within a generation many people will not be able to live there.
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